A multi-institutional analysis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) treated with consolidative radiotherapy and the impact of cell-of-origin on outcomes

  • Chrishanthi Rajasooriyar Department of oncology, Teaching Hospital, Jaffna, Sri Lanka
  • Jeremy Tey Department of Radiation Oncology, National University Cancer Institute Singapore, National University Health System, Singapore
  • Lea Choung Wong Department of Radiation Oncology, National University Cancer Institute Singapore, National University Health System, Singapore
  • Michelle Poon Department of Haematology-oncology, National University Cancer Institute Singapore, National University Health System, Singapore
  • Nandini Rao Department of Pathology, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore
  • Ivan Tham Department of Radiation Oncology, National University Cancer Institute Singapore, National University Health System, Singapore
  • Balamurugan A Vellayappan National University Cancer Institute, National University Health System, National University of Singapore

Abstract

Introduction

Patients with DLBCL with  bulky disease and/or those who fail to achieve complete response benefit from the addition of radiotherapy (RT). We aim to review the outcome, as well as determine the impact of cell-of-origin, on patients undergoing consolidative RT.

 Methods

Patients with DLBCL treated with radical intent consolidative radiotherapy were included. Clinical, pathological and treatment characteristics were extracted from electronic medical records. Survival outcomes and factors which predict for disease-free survival (DFS) were analysed.

 Results

 Seventy-four patients were included in this analysis. The median follow up was 3 years (0.7 – 16 year). Fifty eight percent of patients had stage I-II disease, and 61% received at least 6 cycles of chemotherapy. Cell-of-origin was discernible in 60% of patients, and approximately half were classified as Germinal centre origin. The 5-year overall survival (OS) of this group was excellent at 92% (median survival not reached). The 5-year DFS was 73% (95% CI 57 – 83%). Seven percent (n = 5) of patients experienced local recurrence at a median time of 6 months.  Failure to achieve complete response post RT and/or initial bulky disease are significant predictors of inferior DFS. There was no association between cell-of-origin and DFS or OS.

 Conclusion

The outcome of patients who received radiotherapy as consolidation is excellent. Patients who fail to achieve complete response after radiotherapy had poorer outcomes. Despite using radiotherapy, presence of bulky disease remains a significant predictor of disease recurrence. A well-designed randomised controlled trial, comparing treatment with chemotherapy alone, would be useful to determine the additional benefit of radiotherapy.

Published
2019-12-03
How to Cite
Rajasooriyar, C., Tey, J., Wong, L. C., Poon, M., Rao, N., Tham, I., & Vellayappan, B. A. (2019). A multi-institutional analysis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) treated with consolidative radiotherapy and the impact of cell-of-origin on outcomes. Radiology and Oncology, 53(4), 473-479. Retrieved from https://www.radioloncol.com/index.php/ro/article/view/3302
Section
Clinical oncology